New articles on Nuclear Theory

[1] 2205.06377

Dibaryon resonances and short-range $NN$ interaction

The dibaryon concept for the nuclear force is considered, assuming that the main attraction between the nucleons at medium distances is determined by the $s$-channel exchange of an intermediate six-quark (dibaryon) state. To construct the respective $NN$ interaction model, a microscopic six-quark description of the $NN$ system is used, in which symmetry aspects play a special role. The interaction within the dibaryon model includes a superposition of $t$-channel long-range one-pion exchange and $s$-channel dibaryon exchange. This interaction model is shown to give a good description of both elastic phase shifts and inelasticities of $NN$ scattering in various partial waves in a broad energy range from zero to 600-800 MeV and even higher. It is shown also that the suggested coupling between the external $NN$ channel and internal $6q$ channel leads to a dressing of the intermediate dibaryon state. Finally, the parameters of the dressed dibaryons corresponding to the best fit of $NN$ scattering data turn out to be very close to the parameters of the observed dibaryon resonances in those $NN$ partial configurations where their existence has been experimentally confirmed.

[2] 2205.06488

R-matrix analysis of elastic scattering, phase shift and radiative capture reaction cross sections in the $α+ α$ system

The unstable nucleus $^8$Be, with its two $\alpha$-cluster configuration, is the doorway to the formation of heavier $\alpha$-cluster nuclei. Most importantly, its the precursor of the production of $^{12}$C through the Hoyle state, a resonance state of three $\alpha$ clusters, in the helium burning phase of a massive star. The nucleus exhibits a ground state band of rotational states established through $\alpha-\alpha$ scattering experiments. A subsequent precision particle-$\gamma$ coincidence measurement of the electromagnetic transition between the 4$^+\rightarrow$ 2$^+$ excited states also corroborated the evidence for a highly deformed dumb-bell shaped structure of $^8$Be. A simultaneous phenomenological R-matrix analysis of the measured capture reaction cross sections along with the elastic excitation function and phase shift data has been performed. The resulting reduced transition strength of 21.96$\pm$3.86 $e^2 fm^4$ compares well with the estimated experimental value of 21.0$\pm$2.3 e$^2$ fm$^4$. The R-matrix yield of the B($E2$) value is closer to the prediction of cluster model but about 19$\%$ less than the {\it ab initio} result.

[3] 2205.06711

The quasi-deuteron model at low RG resolution

The quasi-deuteron model introduced by Levinger is used to explain cross sections for knocking out high-momentum protons in photo-absorption on nuclei. This is within a framework we characterize as exhibiting high renormalization group (RG) resolution. Assuming a one-body reaction operator, the nuclear wave function must include two-body short-range correlations (SRCs) with deuteron-like quantum numbers. In a previous paper, we showed that SRC physics can be naturally accounted for at low RG resolution. Here we describe the quasi-deuteron model at low RG resolution and determine the Levinger constant, which is proportional to the ratio of nuclear photo-absorption to that for photo-disintegration of a deuteron. We extract the Levinger constant based on the ratio of momentum distributions at high relative momentum. We compute momentum distributions evolved under similarity RG (SRG) transformations, where the SRC physics is shifted into the operator as a universal two-body term. The short-range nature of this operator motivates using local-density approximations with uncorrelated wave functions in evaluating nuclear matrix elements, which greatly simplifies the analysis. The operator must be consistently matched to the RG scale and scheme of the interaction for a reliable extraction. We apply SRG transformations to different nucleon-nucleon (NN) interactions and use the deuteron wave functions and Weinberg eigenvalues to determine approximate matching scales. We predict the Levinger constant for several NN interactions and a wide range of nuclei comparing to experimental extractions. The predictions at low RG resolution are in good agreement with experiment when starting with a hard NN interaction and the initial operator. Similar agreement is found using soft NN interactions when the additional two-body operator induced by evolution from hard to soft is included.

[4] 2205.06378

ACHILLES: A novel event generator for electron- and neutrino-nucleus scattering

We present a novel lepton-nucleus event generator: ACHILLES, A CHIcagoLand Lepton Event Simulator. The generator factorizes the primary interaction from the propagation of hadrons in the nucleus, which allows for a great deal of modularity, facilitating further improvements and interfaces with existing codes. We validate our generator against high quality electron-carbon scattering data in the quasielastic regime, including the recent CLAS/e4v reanalysis of existing data. We find good agreement in both inclusive and exclusive distributions. By varying the assumptions on the propagation of knocked out nucleons throughout the nucleus, we estimate a component of theoretical uncertainties. We also propose novel observables that will allow for further testing of lepton-nucleus scattering models. ACHILLES is readily extendable to generate neutrino-nucleus scattering events.

[5] 2205.06411

In-medium polarization tensor in strong magnetic fields (II): Axial Ward identity at finite temperature and density

We investigate the axial Ward identity (AWI) for massive fermions in strong magnetic fields. The divergence of the axial-vector current is computed at finite temperature and/or density with the help of a relation between the polarization and anomaly diagrams in the effective (1+1) dimensions realized in the lowest Landau level (LLL). We discuss delicate interplay between the vacuum and medium contributions that determines patterns of the spectral flow in the adiabatic limit and, more generally, the diabatic chirality production rate. We also establish an explicit relation between the AWIs from the LLL approximation and from the familiar triangle diagrams in the naive perturbative series with respect to the coupling constant.

[6] 2205.06642

Coherent pion production in neutrino (anti-neutrino)-nucleus interaction

We present a study of coherent pion production in neutrino-nucleus interactions using the formalism based on partially conserved axial current theorem which connects the neutrino-nucleus cross section to the pion-nucleus elastic scattering cross section. Pion-nucleus elastic scattering cross section is calculated using Glauber model which takes three inputs, nuclear densities, pion-nucleon cross section and $\alpha_{\pi N}$ which is the ratio of real to imaginary part of $\pi N$ forward scattering amplitude, for which the parametrizations are obtained from measured data. We calculate the differential and integrated cross sections for charge and neutral current coherent pion production in neutrino (anti-neutrino)-nucleus scattering for a range of nuclear targets from light to heavy materials such as lithium, carbon, hydrocarbon, oxygen, silicon, argon, iron and lead. The results of these cross section calculations are compared with the measured data and with the calculations from the Berger-Sehgal model and GENIE package. There is an excellent agreement between the calculated and measured cross sections with Glauber model. While GENIE and Berger-Sehgal model give a good description of the data in the lower energy range the present calculations describe the data in all energy ranges. Predictions are also made for upcoming experiments like INO and DUNE in the coherent region of neutrino cross section.

[7] 2205.06724

Spatial entanglement in two dimensional QCD: Renyi and Ryu-Takayanagi entropies

We derive a general formula for the replica partition function in the vacuum state, for a large class of interacting theories with fermions, with or without gauge fields, using the equal-time formulation on the light front. The result is used to analyze the spatial entanglement of interacting Dirac fermions in two-dimensional QCD. A particular attention is paid to the issues of infrared cut-off dependence and gauge invariance. The Renyi entropy for a single interval, is given by the rainbow dressed quark propagator to order ${\cal O}(N_c)$. The contributions to order ${\cal O}(1)$, are shown to follow from the off-diagonal and off mass-shell mesonic T-matrix, with no contribution to the central charge. The construction is then extended to mesonic states on the light front, and shown to probe the moments of the partonic PDFs for large light-front separations. In the vacuum and for small and large intervals, the spatial entanglement entropy following from the Renyi entropy, is shown to be in agreement with the Ryu-Takayanagi geometrical entropy, using a soft-wall AdS$_3$ model of two-dimensional QCD.