New articles on Nuclear Experiment

[1] 2205.06516

Electric monopole transition from the superdeformed band in $^{40}$Ca

The electric monopole ($E0$) transition strength $\rho^2$ for the transition connecting the third 0$^+$ level, a "superdeformed" band head, to the "spherical" 0$^+$ ground state in doubly magic $^{40}$Ca has been determined via $e^+e^-$ pair-conversion spectroscopy. The measured value, $\rho^2(E0; 0^+_3 \to 0^+_1)~=~2.3(5)\times10^{-3}$, is the smallest $\rho^2(E0; 0^+ \to 0^+)$ found in $A<50$ nuclei. In contrast, the $E0$ transition strength to the ground state observed from the second 0$^+$ state, a band head of "normal" deformation, is an order of magnitude larger, $\rho^2(E0; 0^+_2 \to 0^+_1)~=~25.9(16)\times~10^{-3}$, which shows significant mixing between these two states. Large-Scale Shell Model (LSSM) calculations were performed to understand the microscopic structure of the excited states, and the configuration mixing between them; experimental $\rho^2$ values in $^{40}$Ca and neighboring isotopes were well reproduced by the LSSM calculations. The unusually small $\rho^2(E0; 0^+_3 \to 0^+_1)$ value is due to destructive interference in the mixing of shape-coexisting structures, which are based on several different multiparticle-multihole excitations. This observation goes beyond the usual treatment of $E0$ strengths, where two-state shape mixing cannot result in destructive interference.

[2] 2205.06731

Thermonuclear reaction rate of $^{29}$Si(p,$γ$)$^{30}$P

The thermonuclear rate of the $^{29}$Si(p,$\gamma$)$^{30}$P reaction impacts the $^{29}$Si abundance in classical novae. A reliable reaction rate is essential for testing the nova paternity of presolar stardust grains. At present, the fact that no classical nova grains have been unambiguously identified in primitive meteorites among thousands of grains studied is puzzling, considering that classical novae are expected to be prolific producers of dust grains. We investigated the $^{29}$Si $+$ $p$ reaction at center-of-mass energies of $200$ $-$ $420$~keV, and present improved values for resonance energies, level excitation energies, resonance strengths, and branching ratios. One new resonance was found at a center-of-mass energy of $303$ keV. For an expected resonance at $215$~keV, an experimental upper limit could be determined for the strength. We evaluated the level structure near the proton threshold, and present new reaction rates based on all the available experimental information. Our new reaction rates have much reduced uncertainties compared to previous results at temperatures of $T$ $\ge$ $140$~MK, which are most important for classical nova nucleosynthesis. Future experiments to improve the reaction rates at lower temperatures are discussed.

[3] 2205.06488

R-matrix analysis of elastic scattering, phase shift and radiative capture reaction cross sections in the $α+ α$ system

The unstable nucleus $^8$Be, with its two $\alpha$-cluster configuration, is the doorway to the formation of heavier $\alpha$-cluster nuclei. Most importantly, its the precursor of the production of $^{12}$C through the Hoyle state, a resonance state of three $\alpha$ clusters, in the helium burning phase of a massive star. The nucleus exhibits a ground state band of rotational states established through $\alpha-\alpha$ scattering experiments. A subsequent precision particle-$\gamma$ coincidence measurement of the electromagnetic transition between the 4$^+\rightarrow$ 2$^+$ excited states also corroborated the evidence for a highly deformed dumb-bell shaped structure of $^8$Be. A simultaneous phenomenological R-matrix analysis of the measured capture reaction cross sections along with the elastic excitation function and phase shift data has been performed. The resulting reduced transition strength of 21.96$\pm$3.86 $e^2 fm^4$ compares well with the estimated experimental value of 21.0$\pm$2.3 e$^2$ fm$^4$. The R-matrix yield of the B($E2$) value is closer to the prediction of cluster model but about 19$\%$ less than the {\it ab initio} result.