New articles on Nuclear Experiment

[1] 2405.17937

Data-driven background model for the CUORE experiment

We present the model we developed to reconstruct the CUORE radioactive background based on the analysis of an experimental exposure of 1038.4 kg yr. The data reconstruction relies on a simultaneous Bayesian fit applied to energy spectra over a broad energy range. The high granularity of the CUORE detector, together with the large exposure and extended stable operations, allow for an in-depth exploration of both spatial and time dependence of backgrounds. We achieve high sensitivity to both bulk and surface activities of the materials of the setup, detecting levels as low as 10 nBq kg$^{-1}$ and 0.1 nBq cm$^{-2}$, respectively. We compare the contamination levels we extract from the background model with prior radio-assay data, which informs future background risk mitigation strategies. The results of this background model play a crucial role in constructing the background budget for the CUPID experiment as it will exploit the same CUORE infrastructure.

[2] 2405.17675

$J/ψ$ photoproduction: threshold to very high energy

A reaction model for $\gamma + p \to J/\psi + p$ photoproduction, which exposes the $c \bar c$ content of the photon in making the transition $\gamma\to c\bar c + \mathbb P \to J/\psi$ and couples the intermediate $c \bar c$ system to the proton's valence quarks via Pomeron ($\mathbb P $) exchange, is used to deliver a description of available data, viz. both differential and total cross sections from near threshold, where data has newly been acquired, to invariant mass $W \approx 300\,$GeV. The study suggests that it is premature to link existing $\gamma + p \to J/\psi + p$ data with, for instance, in-proton gluon distributions, the quantum chromodynamics trace anomaly, or pentaquark production. Further developments in reaction theory and higher precision data are necessary before the validity of any such connections can be assessed.

[3] 2405.17904

A beam profile monitor for GeV photon with high spatial resolution and fast readout capability

A beam profile monitor (BPM) has been developed to measure photon beams at the BM4 beamline of the Mikamine site, Research Center for Accelerator and Radioisotope Science (RARIS-Mikamine; previously known as ELPH) at Tohoku University. The BPM comprises plastic scintillation fibers and SiPMs, enabling high-precision, real-time measurements of photon beams in the 1 GeV region. Data acquisition utilized streaming TDC, a firmware commonly employed in the J-PARC Hadron-hall, enabling real-time detection of high-intensity photon beams with count rates reaching several tens of MHz. With sufficient statistical data, the BPM achieved a 1 s beam-profiling accuracy of 10 {\mu}m. The proposed BPM serves as a valuable resource for future physics experiments at the BM4 photon beamline and will contribute significantly to ongoing accelerator research endeavors.

[4] 2405.18312

Construction of continuous collective energy landscapes for large amplitude nuclear many-body problems

Several protocols are proposed to build continuous energy surfaces of many-body quantum systems, regarding both energy and states. The standard variational principle is augmented with constraints on state overlap, ensuring arbitrary precision on continuity. As an illustration, the lowest energy and excited state paths relevant for the $^{240}$Pu asymmetric fission are studied. The scission is clearly signed, with a neutron excess in the neck, the ultimate glue before its rupture. Our approach can potentially connect any couple of Hilbert space states, which opens up new horizons for various applications.

[5] 2405.18318

Impact of the radial profile of atomic nuclei on observables in high-energy collisions

In heavy-ion phenomenology, the nucleon density distribution in colliding nuclei is commonly described by a two-parameter Woods-Saxon (WS) distribution. However, this approach omits the detailed radial structure in the density distribution that arises from quantal filling patterns of neutrons and protons. These fine structures, as estimated by the Skyrme-Hartree-Fock density functional, cause small deviations in heavy-ion observables from the WS baseline, which cannot be captured by simply readjusting the WS parameters. These deviations are dependent on centrality and observable but often exhibit similar shapes for different nuclei. Such fine structures may introduce up to a 25% uncertainty in the measured differences in heavy-ion observables between the $^{96}$Ru+$^{96}$Ru and $^{96}$Zr+$^{96}$Zr mid-central collisions from the STAR Collaboration.

[6] 2405.18366

Neutron Data Evaluation of 243Am

The diverse measured data base of n+243Am was evaluated using a statistical theory and genera-lized least squares codes. Consistent description of total, capture and fission measured data provides an important constraint for the inelastic scattering cross section. Important constraints for the measured capture cross section in the 0.15-300 keV energy range come from the average radiative and neutron S0 and S1 strength functions. The evaluated inelastic cross sections of available evaluations are in severe disagreement, predicted change of the inelastic cross section shape at En ~1.5 MeV is attributed to the sharp increase of the level density of the residual odd-even nuclide 241Am due to the onset of three-quasi-particle excitations. The influence of exclusive (n, xnf) pre-fission neutrons on prompt fission neutron spectra (PFNS) and (n, xn) spectra is modelled. Contributions of emissive/non-emissive fission and exclusive spectra of (n, xnf) reactions are defined by a consistent description of the 241Am(n, F), 241Am(n, 2n). Data file is at