New articles on Mathematical Physics

[1] 2405.17513

Anderson localized states for the quasi-periodic nonlinear Schrödinger equation on $\mathbb Z^d$

We establish large sets of Anderson localized states for the quasi-periodic nonlinear Schr\"odinger equation on $\mathbb Z^d$, thus extending Anderson localization from the linear (cf. Bourgain [GAFA 17(3), 682--706, 2007]) to a nonlinear setting, and the random (cf. Bourgain-Wang [JEMS 10(1), 1--45, 2008]) to a deterministic setting. Among the main ingredients are a new Diophantine estimate of quasi-periodic functions in arbitrarily dimensional phase space, and the application of Bourgain's geometric lemma in [GAFA 17(3), 682--706, 2007].

[2] 2405.17647

The investigation of singular integro-differential equations relating to adhesive contact problems of the theory of viscoelasticity

The exact and approximate solutions of singular integro-differential equations relating to the problems of interaction of an elastic thin finite or infinite non-homogeneous patch with a plate are considered, provided that the materials of plate and patch possess the creep property. Using the method of orthogonal polynomials the problem is reduced to the infinite system of Volterra integral equations, and using the method of integral transformations this problem is reduced to the different boundary value problems of the theory of analytic functions. An asymptotic analysis is also performed.

[3] 2405.17865

Quantum Integrable Systems on a Classical Integrable Background

In this paper, we develop the framework for quantum integrable systems on an integrable classical background. We call them hybrid quantum integrable systems (hybrid integrable systems), and we show that they occur naturally in the semiclassical limit of quantum integrable systems. We start with an outline of the concept of hybrid dynamical systems. Then we give several examples of hybrid integrable systems. The first series of examples is a class of hybrid integrable systems that appear in the semiclassical limit of quantum spin chains. Then we look at the semiclassical limit of the quantum spin Calogero--Moser system. The result is a hybrid integrable system driven by usual classical Calogero--Moser (CM) dynamics. This system at the fixed point of the multi-time classical dynamics CM system gives commuting spin Hamiltonians of Haldane--Shastry model.

[4] 2405.18411

The adhesive contact problem for a piecewise-homogeneous orthotropic plate with an elastic patch

A piecewise-homogeneous elastic orthotropic plate, reinforced with a finite patch of the wedgeshaped, which meets the interface at a right angle and is loaded with tangential and normal forces is considered. By using methods of the theory of analytic functions, the problem is reduced to the system of singular integro-differential equations (SIDE) with fixed singularity. Under tension-compression of patch by using an integral transformation a Riemann problem is obtained, the solution of which is presented in explicit form. The tangential contact stresses along the contact line are determined and their asymptotic behavior in the neighborhood of singular points is established.

[5] 2312.17541

Quasi-Lie bialgebroids, Dirac structures and deformations of Poisson quasi-Nijenhuis manifolds

We show how to deform a Poisson quasi-Nijenhuis manifold by means of a closed 2-form. Then we interpret this procedure in the context of quasi-Lie bialgebroids, as a particular case of the so called twisting of a quasi-Lie bialgebroid. Finally, we frame our result in the setting of Courant algebroids and Dirac structures.

[6] 2405.17557

The set of Kirkwood-Dirac positive states is almost always minimal

A central problem in quantum information is determining quantum-classical boundaries. A useful notion of classicality is provided by the quasiprobability formulation of quantum theory. In this framework, a state is called classical if it is represented by a quasiprobability distribution that is positive, and thus a probability distribution. In recent years, the Kirkwood-Dirac (KD) distributions have gained much interest due to their numerous applications in modern quantum-information research. A particular advantage of the KD distributions is that they can be defined with respect to arbitrary observables. Here, we show that if two observables are picked at random, the set of classical states of the resulting KD distribution is a simple polytope of minimal size. When the Hilbert space is of dimension $d$, this polytope is of dimension $2d-1$ and has $2d$ known vertices. Our result implies, $\textit{e.g.}$, that almost all KD distributions have resource theories in which the free states form a small and simple set.

[7] 2405.17565

Wigner's Theorem for stabilizer states and quantum designs

We describe the symmetry group of the stabilizer polytope for any number $n$ of systems and any prime local dimension $d$. In the qubit case, the symmetry group coincides with the linear and anti-linear Clifford operations. In the case of qudits, the structure is somewhat richer: for $n=1$, it is a wreath product of permutations of bases and permutations of the elements within each basis. For $n>1$, the symmetries are given by affine symplectic similitudes. These are the affine maps that preserve the symplectic form of the underlying discrete phase space up to a non-zero multiplier. We phrase these results with respect to a number of a priori different notions of "symmetry'', including Kadison symmetries (bijections that are compatible with convex combinations), Wigner symmetries (bijections that preserve inner products), and symmetries realized by an action on Hilbert space. Going beyond stabilizer states, we extend an observation of Heinrich and Gross (Ref. [25]) and show that the symmetries of fairly general sets of Hermitian operators are constrained by certain moments. In particular: the symmetries of a set that behaves like a 3-design preserve Jordan products and are therefore realized by conjugation with unitaries or anti-unitaries. (The structure constants of the Jordan algebra are encoded in an order-three tensor, which we connect to the third moments of a design). This generalizes Kadison's formulation of the classic Wigner Theorem on quantum mechanical symmetries.

[8] 2405.17662

Nonlinear steepest descent on a torus: A case study of the Landau-Lifshitz equation

We obtain rigorous large time asymptotics for the Landau-Lifshitz equation in the soliton free case by extending the nonlinear steepest descent method to genus 1 surfaces. The methods presented in this paper pave the way to rigorous analysis of other integrable equations on the torus and enables asymptotic analysis on different regimes of the Landau-Lifshitz equation.

[9] 2405.17973

Symmetries of linear and nonlinear partial differential equations

We consider higher symmetries and operator symmetries of linear partial differential equations. The higher symmetries form a Lie algebra, and operator ones form an associative algebra. The relationship between these symmetries is established. We show that symmetries of linear equations sometimes generate symmetries of nonlinear ones. New symmetries of two-dimensional stationary equations of gas dynamics are found.

[10] 2405.18154

On the Laplace operator with a weak magnetic field in exterior domains

We study the magnetic Laplacian in a two-dimensional exterior domain with Neumann boundary condition and uniform magnetic field. For the exterior of the disk we establish accurate asymptotics of the low-lying eigenvalues in the weak magnetic field limit. For the exterior of a star-shaped domain, we obtain an asymptotic upper bound on the lowest eigenvalue in the weak field limit, involving the $4$-moment, and optimal for the case of the disk. Moreover, we prove that, for moderate magnetic fields, the exterior of the disk is a local maximizer for the lowest eigenvalue under a $p$-moment constraint.

[11] 2405.18197

The dynamic of the positons for the reverse space-time nonlocal short pulse equation

In this paper, the Darboux transformation (DT) of the reverse space-time (RST) nonlocal short pulse equation is constructed by a hodograph transformation and the eigenfunctions of its Lax pair. The multi-soliton solutions of the RST nonlocal short pulse equation are produced through the DT, which can be expressed in terms of determinant representation. By taking different values of eigenvalues, bounded soliton solutions and unbounded soliton solutions can be obtained. In addition, based on the degenerate Darboux transformation, the $N$-positon solutions of the RST nonlocal short pulse equation are computed from the determinant expression of the multi-soliton solution. Furthermore, different kinds of mixed solutions are also presented, and the interaction properties between positons and solitons are investigated.

[12] 2405.18390

Global solutions to the Euler-Coriolis system

We prove the global well-posedness and scattering for the 3D incompressible Euler-Coriolis system with sufficiently small, regular and suitably localized initial data. Equivalently, we obtain the asymptotic stability for "rigid body" rotational solutions to the pure Euler equations. This extends the recent work of Guo, Pausader and Widmayer to the general non-axisymmetric setting.

[13] 2405.18398

Unramified Gromov-Witten and Gopakumar-Vafa invariants

Kim, Kresch and Oh defined unramified Gromov-Witten invariants. For a threefold, Pandharipande conjectured that they are equal to Gopakumar-Vafa invariants (BPS invariants) in the case of Fano classes and primitive Calabi-Yau classes. We prove the conjecture using a wall-crossing technique. This provides an algebro-geometric construction of Gopakumar-Vafa invariants in these cases.