New articles on High Energy Physics - Lattice

[1] 2402.18038

Infrared fixed point in the massless twelve-flavor SU(3) gauge-fermion system

We present strong numerical evidence for the existence of an infrared fixed point in the renormalization group flow of the SU(3) gauge-fermion system with twelve massless fermions in the fundamental representation. Our numerical simulations using nHYP-smeared staggered fermions with Pauli-Villars improvement do not exhibit any first-order bulk phase transition in the investigated parameter region. We utilize an infinite volume renormalization scheme based on the gradient flow transformation to determine the renormalization group $\beta$ function. We identify an infrared fixed point at $g^2_{\mathrm{GF}\star}=6.69(68)$ in the GF scheme and calculate the leading irrelevant critical exponent $\gamma_{g}^{\star}=0.204(36)$. Our prediction for $\gamma_{g}^{\star}$ is consistent with available literature at the $1\mbox{-}2\sigma$ level.

[2] 2402.18429

Real-time scattering in the lattice Schwinger model

Tensor network methods have demonstrated their suitability for the study of equilibrium properties of lattice gauge theories, even close to the continuum limit. We use them in an out-of-equilibrium scenario, much less explored so far, by simulating the real-time collisions of composite mesons in the lattice Schwinger model. Constructing wave-packets of vector mesons at different incoming momenta, we observe the opening of the inelastic channel in which two heavier mesons are produced and identify the momentum threshold. To detect the products of the collision in the strong coupling regime we propose local quantitites that could be measured in current quantum simulation platforms.

[3] 2312.17228

Next-to-next-to-leading-order QCD corrections to pion electromagnetic form factors

We investigate the next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO) QCD radiative corrections to the pion electromagnetic form factor with large momentum transfer. We explicitly verify the validity of the collinear factorization to two-loop order for this observable, and obtain the respective IR-finite two-loop hard-scattering kernel in the closed form. The NNLO QCD correction turns to be positive and significant. Incorporating this new ingredient of correction, we then make a comprehensive comparison between the finest theoretical predictions and numerous pion form factor measurements in both space-like and time-like regions. Our phenomenological analysis provides strong constraint on the second Gegenbauer moment of the pion light-cone distribution amplitude (LCDA) obtained from recent lattice QCD studies.