New articles on hep-ex


[1] 2007.01984

Measurement of the inclusive and differential Higgs boson production cross sections in the leptonic WW decay mode at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

Measurement of the fiducial inclusive and differential production cross sections of the Higgs boson in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV are performed using events where the Higgs boson decays into a pair of W bosons that subsequently decay into a final state with an electron, a muon, and a pair of neutrinos. The analysis is based on data collected with the CMS detector at the LHC during 2016-2018, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb$^{-1}$. Production cross sections are measured as a function of the transverse momentum of the Higgs boson and the associated jet multiplicity. The Higgs boson signal is extracted and simultaneously unfolded to correct for selection efficiency and resolution effects using maximum-likelihood fits to the observed distributions in data. The integrated fiducial cross section is measured to be 86.5 $\pm$ 9.5 fb, consistent with the Standard Model expectation of 82.5 $\pm$ 4.2 fb. No significant deviation from the Standard Model expectations is observed in the differential measurements.


[2] 2007.02434

Measurement of the $CP$-violating phase $φ_\mathrm{s}$ in the B$^0_\mathrm{s}\to$ J$/ψ\, φ$(1020) $\to μ^+μ^-$K$^+$K$^-$ channel in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The $CP$-violating weak phase $\phi_\mathrm{s}$ and the decay width difference $\Delta\Gamma_\mathrm{s}$ between the light and heavy B$^0_\mathrm{s}$ mass eigenstates are measured with the CMS detector at the LHC in a sample of 48500 reconstructed B$^0_\mathrm{s}\to$ J$/\psi\, \phi$(1020) $\to \mu^+\mu^-$K$^+$K$^-$ events. The measurement is based on a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 96.4 fb$^{-1}$, collected in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV in 2017-2018. To extract the values of $\phi_\mathrm{s}$ and $\Delta\Gamma_\mathrm{s}$, a time-dependent and flavor-tagged angular analysis of the $ \mu^+\mu^-$K$^+$K$^-$ final state is performed. The analysis employs a dedicated tagging trigger and a novel opposite-side muon flavor tagger based on machine learning techniques. The measurement yields $\phi_\mathrm{s} = -$11 $\pm$ 50 (stat) $\pm$ 10 (syst) mrad and $\Delta\Gamma_\mathrm{s} =$ 0.114 $\pm$ 0.014 (stat) $\pm$ 0.007 (syst) ps$^{-1}$, in agreement with the standard model predictions. When combined with the previous CMS measurement at $\sqrt{s} =$ 8 TeV, the following values are obtained: $\phi_\mathrm{s} = -$21 $\pm$ 45 mrad, $\Delta\Gamma_\mathrm{s} =$ 0.1073 $\pm$ 0.0097 ps$^{-1}$, a significant improvement over the 8 TeV result.


[3] 2007.02542

Measurement of Singly Cabibbo-Suppressed Decays $D \to ωππ$

Using 2.93 fb$^{-1}$ of $e^{+}e^{-}$ collision data taken at a center-of-mass energy of 3.773 GeV by the BESIII detector at the BEPCII, we measure the branching fractions of the singly Cabibbo-suppressed decays $D \to \omega \pi \pi$ to be $\mathcal{B}(D^0 \to \omega \pi^+\pi^-) = (1.33 \pm 0.16 \pm 0.12)\times 10^{-3}$ and $\mathcal{B}(D^+ \to \omega \pi^+\pi^0) =(3.87 \pm 0.83 \pm 0.25)\times 10^{-3}$, where the first uncertainties are statistical and the second ones systematic. The statistical significances are $12.9\sigma$ and $7.7 \sigma$, respectively. The precision of $\mathcal{B}(D^0 \to \omega \pi^+\pi^-)$ is improved by a factor of 2.1 over the CLEO measurement, and $\mathcal{B}(D^+ \to \omega \pi^+\pi^0)$ is measured for the first time. No significant signal of $\mathcal{B}(D^0 \to \omega \pi^0\pi^0)$ is observed, and the upper limit on the branching fraction is $\mathcal{B}(D^0 \to \omega \pi^0\pi^0) < 1.10 \times 10^{-3}$ at the $90\%$ confidence level. The branching fractions of $D\to \eta \pi \pi$ are also measured and consistent with existing results.


[4] 2007.02645

Jet energy scale and resolution measured in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

Jet energy scale and resolution measurements with their associated uncertainties are reported for jets using 36-81 fb$^{-1}$ of proton-proton collision data with a centre-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV collected by the ATLAS detector at the LHC. Jets are reconstructed using two different input types: topo-clusters formed from energy deposits in calorimeter cells, as well as an algorithmic combination of charged-particle tracks with those topo-clusters, referred to as the ATLAS particle-flow reconstruction method. The anti-$k_t$ jet algorithm with radius parameter $R=0.4$ is the primary jet definition used for both jet types. Jets are initially calibrated using a sequence of simulation-based corrections. Next, several $\textit{in situ}$ techniques are employed to correct for differences between data and simulation and to measure the resolution of jets. The systematic uncertainties in the jet energy scale for central jets ($|\eta|<1.2$) vary from 1% for a wide range of high-$p_{\text{T}}$ jets ($2502.5$ TeV). The relative jet energy resolution is measured and ranges from ($24 \pm 1.5$)% at 20 GeV to ($6 \pm 0.5$)% at 300 GeV.


[5] 2007.02873

Measurements of $WH$ and $ZH$ production in the $H \rightarrow b\bar{b}$ decay channel in $pp$ collisions at 13 TeV with the ATLAS detector

Measurements of the Standard Model Higgs boson decaying into a $b\bar{b}$ pair and produced in association with a $W$ or $Z$ boson decaying into leptons, using proton-proton collision data collected between 2015 and 2018 by the ATLAS detector, are presented. The measurements use collisions produced by the Large Hadron Collider at a centre-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s} = $13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 139 fb$^{-1}$. The production of a Higgs boson in association with a $W$ or $Z$ boson is established with observed (expected) significances of 4.0 (4.1) and 5.3 (5.1) standard deviations, respectively. Cross-sections of associated production of a Higgs boson decaying into bottom quark pairs with an electroweak gauge boson, $W$ or $Z$, decaying into leptons are measured as a function of the gauge boson transverse momentum in kinematic fiducial volumes. The cross-section measurements are all consistent with the Standard Model expectations, and the total uncertainties vary from 30% in the high gauge boson transverse momentum regions to 85% in the low regions. Limits are subsequently set on the parameters of an effective Lagrangian sensitive to modifications of the $WH$ and $ZH$ processes as well as the Higgs boson decay into $b\bar{b}$.


[6] 2007.02208

Production of $ω$ mesons in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV

The invariant differential cross section of inclusive $\omega(782)$ meson production at midrapidity ($|y|<0.5$) in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV was measured with the ALICE detector at the LHC over a transverse momentum range of 2 < $p_{\rm{T}}$ < 17 GeV/$c$. The $\omega$ meson was reconstructed via its $\omega\rightarrow\pi^+\pi^-\pi^0$ decay channel. The measured $\omega$ production cross section is compared to various calculations: PYTHIA 8.2 Monash 2013 describes the data, while PYTHIA 8.2 Tune 4C overestimates the data by about 50%. A recent NLO calculation, which includes a model describing the fragmentation of the whole vector-meson nonet, describes the data within uncertainties below 6 GeV/$c$, while it overestimates the data by up to 50% for higher $p_{\rm{T}}$. The $\omega/\pi^0$ ratio is in agreement with previous measurements at lower collision energies and the PYTHIA calculations. In addition, the measurement is compatible with transverse mass scaling within the measured $p_{\rm{T}}$ range and the ratio is constant with $C^{\omega/\pi^{0}}$ = 0.67 $\pm$ 0.03 (stat) $\pm$ 0.04 (sys) above a transverse momentum of 2.5 GeV/$c$.


[7] 2007.02504

$SU(3)$ Flavor Symmetry for Weak Hadronic Decays of ${\bf B}_{bc}$ Baryons

Baryons with a heavy c-quark or a heavy b-quark and also two c-quarks have been discovered. These states are expected in QCD and therefore provide a test for the theory. There should be double beauty baryons, and also an intriguing possibility that baryons ${\bf B}_{bc}$ with a c-quark, a b-quark. These states are yet to be discovered. The main decay modes of ${\bf B}_{bc}$ are expected to be weak processes from theoretical understanding of their mass spectrum. These decay modes can provide crucial information about these heavy baryons ${\bf B}_{bc}$. We analyze two body hadronic weak decays for ${\bf B}_{bc}$ using $SU(3)$ flavor symmetry. Any one of the $c$ and $b$ decays will induce ${\bf B}_{bc}$ to decay. We find that the Cabibbo allowed decays ${\bf B}_{bc} \to {\bf B}_b + M$ due to $c \to s u \bar d$ can be crucial for exploration. The LHC may have the sensitivity to discover such decays. Other ${\bf B}_{bc}$ decays due to $b \to c q' \bar q$ are sub-leading. Several relations among branching ratios are obtained which can be used to test flavor $SU(3)$ symmetry.


[8] 2007.02558

Branching Fractions and CP Violation in $B^-\to K^+K^-π^-$ and $B^-\to π^+π^-π^-$ Decays

We present in this work a study of tree-dominated charmless three-body decays of $B$ mesons, $B^-\to K^+K^-\pi^-$ and $B^-\to\pi^+\pi^-\pi^-$, within the factorization approach. The main results are: (i) There are two distinct sources of nonresonant contributions: one arises from the $b\to u$ tree transition and the other from the nonresonant matrix element of scalar densities $\langle M_1M_2|\bar q_1 q_2|0\rangle^{\rm NR}$. It turns out that even for tree-dominated three-body decays, dominant nonresonant contributions originate from the penguin diagram rather than from the $b\to u$ tree process, as implied by the large nonresonant component observed recently in the $\pi^- K^+$ system which accounts for one third of the $B^-\to K^+K^-\pi^-$ rate. (ii) The calculated branching fraction of $B^-\to f_2(1270)\pi^-\to K^+K^-\pi^-$ is smaller than the LHCb by a factor of $\sim 7$ in its central value, but the predicted $\B(B^-\to f_2(1270)\pi^-\to\pi^+\pi^-\pi^-)$ is consistent with the data. Branching fractions of $B^-\to f_2(1270)\pi^-$ extracted from the LHCb measurements of these two processes also differ by a factor of seven! Therefore, it is likely that the $f_2(1270)$ contribution to $B^-\to K^+K^-\pi^-$ is largely overestimated experimentally. Including $1/m_b$ power corrections from penguin annihilation inferred from QCD factorization (QCDF), a sizable CP asymmetry of 32\% in the $f_2(1270)$ component agrees with experiment. (iii) A fraction of 5\% for the $\rho(1450)$ component in $B^-\to\pi^+\pi^-\pi^-$ is in accordance with the theoretical expectation. However, a large fraction of 30\% in $B^-\to K^+K^-\pi^-$ is entirely unexpected. This issue needs to be clarified in the future.


[9] 2007.02591

HybridSeeding: A standalone track reconstruction algorithm for scintillating fibre tracker at LHCb

We describe the Hybrid seeding, a standalone pattern recognition algorithm aiming at finding charged particle trajectories for the LHCb upgrade. A significant improvement to the charged particle reconstruction efficiency is accomplished by exploiting the knowledge of the LHCb magnetic field and the position of energy deposits in the scintillating fibre tracker detector. Moreover, we achieve a low fake rate and a small contribution to the overall timing budget of the LHCb real-time data processing.


[10] 2007.02687

Particle Identification at MeV Energies in JUNO

JUNO is a multi-purpose neutrino experiment currently under construction in Jiangmen, China. It is primary aiming to determine the neutrino mass ordering. Moreover, its 20 kt target mass makes it an ideal detector to study neutrinos from various sources, including nuclear reactors, the Earth and its atmosphere, the Sun, and even supernovae. Due to the small cross section of neutrino interactions, the event rate of neutrino experiments is limited. In order to maximize the signal-to noise ratio, it is extremely important to control the background levels. In this paper we discuss the potential of particle identification in a large liquid scintillator detector like JUNO. We discuss the underlying principles of particle identification and its application in the experiment. In order to investigate the potential of event discrimination, several event pairings are analysed, i.e. alpha/beta?, e/p?, e+/e-, and e/gamma. We compare the discrimination performance of advanced analytical techniques based on neural networks and on the topological event reconstruction keeping the standard Gatti filter as a reference. We use the Monte Carlo samples generated in the physically motivated energy intervals. We study the dependence of our cuts on energy, radial position, PMT time resolution, and dark noise. The results show an excellent performance for alpha/beta? and e/p? with the Gatti method and the neural network. Furthermore, e+/e- and e/gamma can partly be distinguished by means of neural network and topological reconstruction on a statistical basis. Especially in the latter case, the topological method proved very successful.


[11] 2007.02898

Dark Matter $Z^\prime$ and XENON1T Excess from $U(1)_X$ Extended Standard Model

A gauged $U(1)_X$ symmetry appended to the Standard Model (SM) is particularly well-motivated since it can account for the light neutrino masses by the seesaw mechanism, explain the origin of baryon asymmetry of the universe via leptogenesis, and help implement successful cosmological inflation with the $U(1)_X$ breaking Higgs field as the inflaton. In this framework, we propose a light dark matter (DM) scenario in which the $U(1)_X$ gauge boson $Z^\prime$ behaves as a DM particle in the universe. We discuss how this scenario with $Z^\prime$ mass of a few keV and a $U(1)_X$ gauge coupling $g_X \simeq 10^{-16}$ can nicely fit the excess in the electronic recoil energy spectrum recently reported by the XENON1T collaboration. In order to reproduce the observed DM relic density in the presence of such a tiny gauge coupling, we propose an extension of the model to a two-component DM scenario. The $Z^\prime$ DM density can be comparable to the observed DM density by the freeze-in mechanism through the coupling of $Z^\prime$ boson to a partner Higgs-portal scalar DM with a large $U(1)_X$ charge.