### IEEE 802.11be: Wi-Fi 7 Strikes Back

As hordes of data-hungry devices challenge its current capabilities, Wi-Fi strikes back with 802.11be, alias Wi-Fi 7. This brand-new amendment promises a (r)evolution of unlicensed wireless connectivity as we know it. With its standardisation process being consolidated, we provide an updated digest of 802.11be essential features, vouching for multi-AP coordination as a must-have for critical and latency-sensitive applications. We then get down to the nitty-gritty of one of its most enticing implementations-coordinated beamforming-, for which our standard-compliant simulations confirm near-tenfold reductions in worst-case delays.

### Integration of 3D Knowledge for On-Board UAV Visual Tracking

Visual tracking from an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) poses challenges such as occlusions or background clutter. In order to achieve more robust on-board UAV visual tracking, a pipeline combining information extracted from a visual tracker and a sparse 3D reconstruction of the static environment is introduced. The 3D reconstruction is based on an image-based structure-from-motion (SfM) component and thus allows to utilize a state estimator in a pseudo-3D space. Thereby improved handling of occlusion situations and background clutter is realized. Evaluation is done on prototypical image sequences captured from a UAV with low-altitude oblique views. The experimental results demonstrate the benefit of the proposed approach compared to only relying on visual cues or using a state estimation in the image space.

### aschern at SemEval-2020 Task 11: It Takes Three to Tango: RoBERTa, CRF, and Transfer Learning

We describe our system for SemEval-2020 Task 11 on Detection of Propaganda Techniques in News Articles. We developed ensemble models using RoBERTa-based neural architectures, additional CRF layers, transfer learning between the two subtasks, and advanced post-processing to handle the multi-label nature of the task, the consistency between nested spans, repetitions, and labels from similar spans in training. We achieved sizable improvements over baseline fine-tuned RoBERTa models, and the official evaluation ranked our system 3rd (almost tied with the 2nd) out of 36 teams on the span identification subtask with an F1 score of 0.491, and 2nd (almost tied with the 1st) out of 31 teams on the technique classification subtask with an F1 score of 0.62.

### Learned convex regularizers for inverse problems

We consider the variational reconstruction framework for inverse problems and propose to learn a data-adaptive input-convex neural network (ICNN) as the regularization functional. The ICNN-based convex regularizer is trained adversarially to discern ground-truth images from unregularized reconstructions. Convexity of the regularizer is attractive since (i) one can establish analytical convergence guarantees for the corresponding variational reconstruction problem and (ii) devise efficient and provable algorithms for reconstruction. In particular, we show that the optimal solution to the variational problem converges to the ground-truth if the penalty parameter decays sub-linearly with respect to the norm of the noise. Further, we prove the existence of a subgradient-based algorithm that leads to monotonically decreasing error in the parameter space with iterations. To demonstrate the performance of our approach for solving inverse problems, we consider the tasks of deblurring natural images and reconstructing images in computed tomography (CT), and show that the proposed convex regularizer is at least competitive with and sometimes superior to state-of-the-art data-driven techniques for inverse problems.

### Motion Planning and Control for On-Orbit Assembly using LQR-RRT* and Nonlinear MPC

Deploying large, complex space structures is of great interest to the modern scientific world as it can provide new capabilities in obtaining scientific, communicative, and observational information. However, many theoretical mission designs contain complexities that must be constrained by the requirements of the launch vehicle, such as volume and mass. To mitigate such constraints, the use of on-orbit additive manufacturing and robotic assembly allows for the flexibility of building large complex structures including telescopes, space stations, and communication satellites. The contribution of this work is to develop motion planning and control algorithms using the linear quadratic regulator and rapidly-exploring randomized trees (LQR-RRT*), path smoothing, and tracking the trajectory using a closed-loop nonlinear receding horizon control optimizer for a robotic Astrobee free-flyer. By obtaining controlled trajectories that consider obstacle avoidance and dynamics of the vehicle and manipulator, the free-flyer rapidly considers and plans the construction of space structures. The approach is a natural generalization to repairing, refueling, and re-provisioning space structure components while providing optimal collision-free trajectories during operation.

### Grid-aware Distributed Model Predictive Control of Heterogeneous Resources in a Distribution Network: Theory and Experimental Validation

In this paper, we propose and experimentally validate a scheduling and control framework for distributed energy resources (DERs) that achieves to track a day-ahead dispatch plan of a distribution network hosting controllable and stochastic heterogeneous resources while respecting the local grid constraints on nodal voltages and lines ampacities. The framework consists of two algorithmic layers. In the first one (day-ahead scheduling), we determine an aggregated dispatch plan. In the second layer (real-time control), a distributed model predictive control (MPC) determines the active and reactive power set-points of the DERs so that their aggregated contribution tracks the dispatch plan while obeying to DERs operational constraints as well as the grids ones. The proposed framework is experimentally validated on a real-scale microgrid that reproduces the network specifications of the CIGRE microgrid benchmark system.

### A Multiperiod Workforce Scheduling and Routing Problem with Dependent Tasks

In this paper, we study a new Workforce Scheduling and Routing Problem, denoted Multiperiod Workforce Scheduling and Routing Problem with Dependent Tasks. In this problem, customers request services from a company. Each service is composed of dependent tasks, which are executed by teams of varying skills along one or more days. Tasks belonging to a service may be executed by different teams, and customers may be visited more than once a day, as long as precedences are not violated. The objective is to schedule and route teams so that the makespan is minimized, i.e., all services are completed in the minimum number of days. In order to solve this problem, we propose a Mixed-Integer Programming model, a constructive algorithm and heuristic algorithms based on the Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) metaheuristic. The presence of precedence constraints makes it difficult to develop efficient local search algorithms. This motivates the choice of the ACO metaheuristic, which is effective in guiding the construction process towards good solutions. Computational results show that the model is capable of consistently solving problems with up to about 20 customers and 60 tasks. In most cases, the best performing ACO algorithm was able to match the best solution provided by the model in a fraction of its computational time.

### Individual Treatment Effect Estimation in a Low Compliance Setting

Individual Treatment Effect (ITE) estimation is an extensively researched problem, with applications in various domains. We model the case where there is heterogeneous non-compliance to a randomly assigned treatment, a typical situation in health (because of non-compliance to prescription) or digital advertising (because of competition and ad blockers for instance). The lower the compliance, the more the effect of treatment prescription, or individual prescription effect (IPE), signal fades away and becomes hard to capture. We propose a new approach to estimate IPE that takes advantage of observed compliance information to prevent signal fading. Using the Structural Causal Model framework and do-calculus, we define a general mediated causal effect setting under which our proposed estimator soundly recovers the IPE, and study its asymptotic variance. Finally, we conduct extensive experiments on both synthetic and real-world datasets that highlight the benefit of the approach, which consistently improves state-of-the-art in low compliance settings.

### Quantum State Tomography with Conditional Generative Adversarial Networks

Quantum state tomography (QST) is a challenging task in intermediate-scale quantum devices. Here, we apply conditional generative adversarial networks (CGANs) to QST. In the CGAN framework, two duelling neural networks, a generator and a discriminator, learn multi-modal models from data. We augment a CGAN with custom neural-network layers that enable conversion of output from any standard neural network into a physical density matrix. To reconstruct the density matrix, the generator and discriminator networks train each other on data using standard gradient-based methods. We demonstrate that our QST-CGAN reconstructs optical quantum states with high fidelity orders of magnitude faster, and from less data, than a standard maximum-likelihood method. We also show that the QST-CGAN can reconstruct a quantum state in a single evaluation of the generator network if it has been pre-trained on similar quantum states.

### Investigation of Speaker-adaptation methods in Transformer based ASR

End-to-end models are fast replacing conventional hybrid models in automatic speech recognition. A transformer is a sequence-to-sequence framework solely based on attention, that was initially applied to machine translation task. This end-to-end framework has been shown to give promising results when used for automatic speech recognition as well. In this paper, we explore different ways of incorporating speaker information while training a transformer-based model to improve its performance. We present speaker information in the form of speaker embeddings for each of the speakers. Two broad categories of speaker embeddings are used: (i)fixed embeddings, and (ii)learned embeddings. We experiment using speaker embeddings learned along with the model training, as well as one-hot vectors and x-vectors. Using these different speaker embeddings, we obtain an average relative improvement of 1% to 3% in the token error rate. We report results on the NPTEL lecture database. NPTEL is an open-source e-learning portal providing content from top Indian universities.

### Opening practice: supporting Reproducibility and Critical spatial data science

This paper reflects on a number of trends towards a more open and reproducible approach to geographic and spatial data science over recent years. In particular it considers trends towards Big Data, and the impacts this is having on spatial data analysis and modelling. It identifies a turn in academia towards coding as a core analytic tool, and away from proprietary software tools offering 'black boxes' where the internal workings of the analysis are not revealed. It is argued that this closed form software is problematic, and considers a number of ways in which issues identified in spatial data analysis (such as the MAUP) could be overlooked when working with closed tools, leading to problems of interpretation and possibly inappropriate actions and policies based on these. In addition, this paper and considers the role that reproducible and open spatial science may play in such an approach, taking into account the issues raised. It highlights the dangers of failing to account for the geographical properties of data, now that all data are spatial (they are collected somewhere), the problems of a desire for n=all observations in data science and it identifies the need for a critical approach. This is one in which openness, transparency, sharing and reproducibility provide a mantra for defensible and robust spatial data science.